By Ekram Hossain, Vijay K. Bhargava, Gerhard P. Fettweis
The significance of decreasing power bills, decreasing CO2 emissions and keeping the surroundings are resulting in an elevated specialize in eco-friendly, energy-efficient ways to the layout of next-generation instant networks. featuring cutting-edge study on eco-friendly radio communications and networking know-how via leaders within the box, this booklet is beneficial for researchers and pros operating in instant verbal exchange. Summarizing current and ongoing learn, the publication explores communique architectures and versions, actual communications options, base station power-management suggestions, instant entry recommendations for eco-friendly radio networks, and eco-friendly radio test-bed, experimental effects and standardization actions. all through, theoretical effects are combined with sensible insights and insurance of deployment concerns. It serves as a one-stop reference for key techniques and layout strategies for energy-efficient communications and networking and offers details crucial for the layout of future-generation mobile instant platforms.
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Extra info for Green Radio Communication Networks
27, pp. 379–423, 1948.  L. Kleinrock, Queueing Systems Volume I: Theory. John Wiley & Sons, 1975.  D. P. Bertsekas, Dynamic Programming - Deterministic and Stochastic Models. New Jersey, NJ, USA; Prentice Hall, 1987.  O. , “Power-consumption modeling of different base station types in heterogeneous cellular networks,” in Proc. of Future Network and Mobile Summit, 2010.  S. Cui, A. J. Goldsmith, and A. Bahai, “Energy-constrained modulation optimization,” IEEE Trans. , vol. 4, no.
The DE and EE values are normalized by that of the reference scenario. 1 + β}. In this subsection, we would like to summarize what we have learnt so far. 7 gives the sketch of the trend curve for each of the trade-offs, which are monotonically decreasing as predicted by Shannon’s formula. Along each curve, we can identify the operation region with high power and that with low power, respectively, as shown by the shaded ellipses in the figures. The two large arrows in each sub-figure suggest two potential directions to improve EE or to reduce power.
Of IEEE Globecom, GreenCom Workshop, Dec. 2009. 1 Introduction Carbon emissions due to various man-made devices are one of the main reasons for global warming. Green communications is largely concerned with reducing the carbon emissions caused during communications. One of the main reasons for carbon emissions in communication is the emission in generating the electrical energy consumed in communication networks. Soon, the electrical energy consumed in information and communication technology (ICT) related activities will be about 14% of all the electrical energy consumed in the world .
Green Radio Communication Networks by Ekram Hossain, Vijay K. Bhargava, Gerhard P. Fettweis